Hip pathologies include 5-6% of musculoskeletal disorders in adults.
Athletic activities such as running, jumping, dancing and playing football have
a high incidence of such injuries due to the considerable forces transferred to
the joint and due to the extreme range of motion during these activities. Hip
disorders can cause pain, also perceived to in other anatomic areas (lumbar or
knee area). This leads to considerable complexity in correctly diagnosing a
coxalgia. Furthermore, the evaluation is often difficult as diseases can
involve both soft tissue and bone and may be acute, sub-acute or chronic.
The various pathologies can be divided into
anterior, lateral and posterior pathologies according to the location of the hip
pain. Furthermore, a pain felt in the hip region can be referred to abdominal,
lumbar and leg pathologies.